15 OCTOBER 2012
|A REMINDER: "WHEN U.N. NEEDS PUBLIC SUPPORT, IT IS AN ILLUSION TO THINK THAT
BRUSSELS COULD REPLACE PARIS, LISBON, COPENHAGEN, MADRID OR ATHENS," FORMER SECRETARY GENERAL PEREZ DE CEULLAR
Secretary General Don Javier Perez de Ceullar was always a man of few words. A master diplomat,
he communicated effectively when taking specific action, or through a hint, a smile, a frown. Yet he never hesitated
to speak out when necessary. Particularly after leaving office, he was especially careful not to comment on anything by his
successors -- or predecessors for that matter. Hence, the importance of his open position, obviously after exhausting
every other discreet quiet venue.
An added significance of the outspoken position is that it was Mr. Perez de Ceullar who gave Kofi Annan his first,
second, and third breaks at seniority. He had appointed him as Director of Budget (D-2 level) and then head of Personnel
as Assistant Secretary General and, more important, sheltered him from snipers above and below. It was Don Javier that
gave Kofi Annan the opportunity to make contacts on reform with powerful circles in key capitals, including Washington
D.C., which provided him with helpful visibility and opportunity to work his way.
It was therefore disappointing to note that Mr. Perez de Ceullar's statement to Le Figaro was blacked out
from the feedback material circulated daily in N.Y. Only unforum reproduced its translation in December 2003:
In an unusual public statement to the French daily Le Figaro, former U.N. Secretary General
Javier Perez de Ceullar criticized the decision taken to close down Information Centres in Paris
and other European capitals. He added a new conceptual dimension when stating that such a decision
abandoned French as the other working language. "It reflects the conviction that the language of
official relations must be English just like Latin was during the Roman empire." He regretted
lack of effective action by the French Foreign Ministry, stressing that even with electronic
communications it will be an illusion to believe that Brussels, which is "only half Francophone"
could replace offices in another European capital.
Two years after an announcement was made -- more like a promotional act than a management
decision -- confusion, lack of planning and disregard for basic professional or human
consideration continue while the deadline of December 2003 approaches. As reported earlier, the office
in Brussels is not closing. The National Officers in Athens and Rome stood their ground
declining an offer to move (they are National offices, after all). The German
resisted from the beginning -- managed to negotiate some arrangement. The French government, a permanent
member of the Security Council, did not eventually stand up for "l'exclusivite
Following are some
extracts of Le Figaro 17 November interview:
1. On the decision to close U.N. Information Centres in Paris:
"I regret this decision. Admittedly it is not aimed at Paris alone. But although the Spanish, who are
witnessing the closing of their Madrid office, can only complain, France has the right to express
its opposition. At the United Nations, there are six official languages and only two working languages:
English & French. Each official document must be published simultaneously in these two languages.
The reality is totally different. The English is distributed immediately, the French text follows a
day or a week later. Therefore the decision by the U.N. Secretariat to leave Paris is far from being
neutral (the exact translation: The abandoning of Paris by the U.N. is therefore not neutral). This
initiative expresses the conviction (the belief) that the language of official relations must be
English just like Latin during the Roman Empire.
2. How could France remind the U.N. of its commitments?
Few months after my election as Secretary General in January 1982, I visited Francois Mitterand who
complained that the U.N. was neglecting the French Language. I answered him "it's your diplomats
who give in (surrender?) to the English language. It is the Africans who defend the French language."
Today, I'm sorry that the Quai D'Orsay does not react more vigorously to the closing of the Parisian
office of the United Nations. Language is a dimension of patriotism, to fight for French is to
fight for France. Quebec reacted, it saved its language.
3. On strengthening French culture:
The effort must start in France. It's necessary to bring back to the French people their taste for
literature. In my youth, my Parisian classmates used to recite Moliere & La Fontaine by heart. The
other day, I 'plunged' into the literary supplement of Le Monde only to discover that, once again,
it devoted four pages to Anglophone books.
4. On the organization of French-speaking countries:
It has to do with a bureaucratic machine that does not, unfortunately, offer the services which the
language needs. In Peru, neither the French Lycee of Lima nor the Alliance Francaise have sufficient
financial means. In Paris, when I hear the Franglais of the television hosts, I find (realize? think?)
that France does not do enough to protect its language. I'm 83 years old but I never used the word
o.k., even in English.
5. On cultural identity:
France must commit to an excessive fight. For a language expresses a spirit, a psychology, a vision of
the world. The hegemony of the English language leads forcibly to intellectual domination thus a
political one. Hence the debate triggered by UNESCO's plan to have a convention defending cultural
identity. The Americans oppose it because they know well that cultural diversity preserves political
diversity. Look at what is happening with Spanish. As a result of the influx of the American
Latinos, the United States is experiencing for the first time in its young history, the competition
of another language in its own territory (exact translation: This language stems from the breeding
grounds of American Latino who furthermore are at the gate of the U.S. The result is this: For the
first time in its young history, the United States knows, on its own territories, the competition of
6. The U.N. Secretariat defends its decision by claiming that a large office will be in Brussels, a
First of all, Brussels is only half French speaking & then I want to tell my English speaking
friends who are fascinated by technology that the Internet cannot, always & everywhere, replace
the information provided by people of flesh & blood. Finally, at the moment when the U.N. needs so
much to find public opinion support, it's an illusion to believe that Brussels could efficiently
replace not only Paris but also Lisbon, Copenhagen or Athens.
(Reprinted from 15 October 2005)